Dandruff – the dreaded word that comes across your mind when you see white flakes scattered around your shoulders when you’re dressed in dark colours. What is the cause of dandruff (also known as seborrheic dermatitis)?\nThe exact cause of dandruff is unknown but possible causes include:\n\nOily skin and scalp\nPoor hair hygiene (not shampooing enough)\nWeather (hot and humid or cold and dry)\nPoor immune system\nChronic illness\nEmotional or mental stress\n\nSome people are more prone to dandruff, and for these people, dandruff tends to be a recurrent disorder with periodic ups and downs. Although it is not curable, it is generally quite easily controlled with proper hair hygiene and the right shampoo and ingredients effective against dandruff. If you have sensitive scalp and want to avoid using harsher ingredients such as tar-based shampoo, zinc pyrithione shampoo or selenium sulphide, there are more natural ingredients which also work just as effectively to control dandruff. Some of these natural ingredients to look out for include:\nTea tree\n\nTea tree oil has been a known anti-bacterial and anti-fungal oil and can reduce the itchiness, greasiness, and lesions sometimes associated with dandruff. A study indicated that shampoo with 5 percent tea tree oil was effective at reducing dandruff caused by the yeast Pityrosporum ovale (malassezia). Study participants used either tea tree oil shampoo, or a placebo, for one month. Tea tree oil shampoo users had a 41 percent reduction in dandruff severity. The Aromatica Tea Tree Purifying Shampoo is one of our favorite go-to for our team members who have dandruff prone scalp:\n \n\n\nChamomile\n\nChamomile is known as a soothing ingredient and has antii-inflammatory effects and can soothes irritated scalp as well as reduce and prevent dandruff. For that, rinse your hair with cold chamomile tea after you wash your hair. Wash your hair with a neutral shampoo, apply your favorite conditioner, rinse well with clean, warm water and then do a final rinse using cold chamomile tea. It’s completely safe, healthy and both your hair and scalp will love it.\nLemongrass\n\nLemongrass oil is an effective dandruff treatment, with studies finding that it significantly reduced dandruff after one week. Lemongrass oil for dandruff is most effective when used daily. Mix a few drops into your shampoo or conditioner daily, and make sure it's massaged into your scalp.\nThyme\n\nAntibacterial properties in thyme oil can help fight skin infections while helping to reduce dandruff caused by fungus.It is also used to resolve scalp issues, including dandruff, thanks to its excellent antimicrobial properties. Because it is a strong oil, Thyme essential oil is best used in moderation with a combination of other essential oils with soothing properties, like Lavender essential oil.\nShould you buy shampoos based on the labelling?\nShampoos can claim they're made with things that sounds really holistic and natural such as — mint, oat milk and chamomile—but that doesn't mean the formula isn't packed with harsh chemicals. And when we do use a super-clean hair shampoo, the formula is often lacking: without sulfates and other chemicals, natural shampoos can leave hair feeling limp and sometimes, ‘unclean’. Luckily, natural and organic shampoos have come a long way, and natural shampoos have found natural alternatives to ingredients such as sulfates and are equally as effective. Last, but not least, we want to highlight the importance of knowing how to read your product labels before you commit!